Everything You Must Know About Psoriasis

As we get older with age, or when our immune systems are vulnerable, we are naturally prone to more and more diseases and illnesses. While the most common ones usually involve our organs or brain functions, there are other medical issues that we should be aware of to make sure we’re in good healthand know when to see a doctor. One of these is Psoriasis.

Thanks to significant advancements in medical technology in the last 5 years, there are many cutting-edge treatments that are now available for those who suffer from psoriasis.

Understanding Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a common dermatological skin condition that speeds up the life cycles of the skin cells on your body. As a result, large amounts of cells begin to form rapidly on surfaces of the skin. These excessive skin cells form red patches and can often lead to painful symptoms for those who suffer from psoriasis. (1)

Psoriasis patches can be a few small spots or cover large areas. Research has shown that most types of psoriasis go through cycles, where symptoms can flare for a few weeks or a few months. These cycles can depend on various environmental factors as well, such as seasonality.

The causes of psoriasis are not fully understood by the scientific community. However, many experts in the field agree that psoriasis is related to an immune system deficiency with regards to human T cells. The consensus is that T cells may accidentally begin to attack skin cells by mistake. This can be attributed to both genetics and also various environmental and health factors.

Common Symptoms of Psoriasis

Not knowing if you have psoriasis or not can be frightening. Psoriasis signs can be different for each person, with some of the more common signs of psoriasis including:

  • Small to large red patches of skin covered in scales
  • Dry or cracked skin that can bleed
  • Thickened or pitted nails
  • Itching, burning, or soreness of the skin
  • “Scaling” patches of skin in affected areas (2)

Psoriasis patches can range from a few small dime-sized spots to major outbreaks that cover large parts of the human body.

Types of Psoriasis

There are several types of psoriasis, some of which include:

Plaque psoriasis – The most common form of psoriasis in the world. Plaque psoriasis can cause patches of dry or raised skin lesions which can sometimes be covered in dry scaly skin. The plaques can be itchy or extremely painful. Plaque psoriasis can also take place anywhere on your body, from your genitals to the inside of your mouth.

Nail psoriasis – Nails can serve as an indicator for psoriasis. Psoriasis can affect your fingernails and toenails. In most psoriasis cases, the nails experience abnormal growth and discoloration, In some severe cases, your nails may begin to crumble and degrade over time.

Inverse psoriasis – This form of psoriasis mainly impacts hidden areas on the human body. This includes armpits, under the breasts, and in the groin. The symptoms of psoriasis can be accelerated in these areas due to sweat that accumulates in the area. In many cases, a fungal infection can lead to Inverse psoriasis.

Guttate psoriasis – This form of psoriasis is usually seen in younger adults and children. Typically triggered by an infection, it can leave people with small scaling lesions on your legs, scalp, and arms. (1)

When Should You Get Treatment?

Patients should understand that psoriasis is not a simple rash, but rather an inflammatory disease. If you are suffering from psoriasis or it’s associated symptoms, you may also have other health conditions you are unaware of. Scheduling an appointment with a doctor can help you understand what is causing your psoriasis outbreaks.

Many patients who wait to find treatment for psoriasis often develop another form of psoriasis known as psoriatic arthritis as well, which can lead to joint pain and discomfort. Some other conditions associated with psoriasis can include diabetes, heart disease, and obesity.

Final Note

Psoriasis symptoms can be signs of more serious conditions. Thankfully, with the advancement of medical technology that has taken place in the last decade, there are multiple therapies available to fight psoriasis and any of its effects. Finding the right treatment, or a combination of treatments can help to eliminate your psoriasis symptoms.

Sources:

  1. https://www.mayoclinic .org/diseases-conditions/psoriasis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355840
  2. https://www.psoriasis .org/